Quarterly Financial Accounts

The Quarterly Financial Accounts (QFA) present a complete and consistent set of quarterly financial data for all sectors of the Irish economy. They provide comprehensive information on the financial and investment activities of households, non-financial corporations, financial corporations, government and the rest of the world. The whom-to-whom tables provide information on the interactions between these sectors.

Key Points – Q4 2019

Publication date: 8 May 2020

  • Private sector debt as a proportion of GDP decreased by 10.1 percentage points to stand at 229 per cent.
  • Household net worth increased to €802bn in Q4 2019, equating to €162,960 per capita.
  • Household debt continued its downward trend, falling by €331m in Q4 2019.

Chart 1: Household Net Worth

Household Net Worth

Household net worth continued its upward trend in Q4 2019, increasing by 0.2 per cent, or €1.9bn (Chart 1). This increase brings household net worth to a new high of €802bn, which equates to €162,960 per capita. Financial assets rose by €7bn, due primarily to increases in the value of insurance and pension schemes. Housing assets fell to €540bn, a decrease of €5bn over the quarter. Household liabilities remained unchanged at €147bn.


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Chart 2: Household Debt

Household Debt

Household debt fell by €331m over the quarter, continuing the downward trend in the series, to stand at €135bn in Q4 2019 (Chart 2). This equates to €27,386 per capita. Household debt has decreased by a third, or €68.1bn, since its peak of €202bn in Q3 2008.

Household debt as a proportion of disposable income fell by 1.8 percentage points, to stand at 114 per cent. The decline over the quarter was driven by an increase in pension funds reserves, in addition to the decrease in debt.



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Chart 3: Household Investment in Financial Assets

Household Investment in Financial Assets

Household investment in financial assets increased by €151m during Q4 2019, to stand at €2.7bn (Chart 3). This was primarily due to additional investment in currency and deposits of €146m, and an increase in shares and other equity of €54m. The majority of household investment continues to be in currency and deposits, which is at its highest level since Q1 2007. These increases were partially offset by a decline in insurance and pension schemes of €77m over the quarter.



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Chart 4: Private Sector Debt-to-GDP


Private Sector Debt to GDP

Private sector debt as a proportion of GDP decreased by 10.1 percentage points to stand at 229 per cent in Q4 2019 (Chart 4). Private sector debt fell by €19.7bn over this period, with NFCs accounting for 93 per cent of this fall. A rise in GDP in Q4 2019 further contributed to reducing the debt-to-GDP ratio. It should be noted that private sector debt in Ireland is significantly influenced by the presence of large multinational corporations (MNCs) and that restructuring by these entities has resulted in extremely large movements in Irish private sector debt, particularly from 2014 onwards.


Private sector indebtedness forms part of the European Union (EU) Commission’s scoreboard of macroeconomic imbalances. The Commission sets an indicative threshold of 160 per cent of GDP for private sector debt sustainability. However, this threshold does not take account of the large MNC sector in Ireland.



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Chart 5: Government Debt

Government Debt

Government debt fell by €8.7bn during Q4 2019, to stand at €224bn (Chart 5). This was largely due to a decrease in debt securities of €8.6bn during the quarter. Loans fell by €164m, while deposits rose by €143m over the quarter. Government net financial worth increased by €1.98bn during the quarter, due to a decrease in financial liabilities of €7.3bn, which was partially offset by a fall in financial assets of €5.3bn. Chart 5 also shows that Quarterly Government Debt (QGD), which is based on the Excessive Deficit Procedure (EDP) measure of debt, decreased by €8.9bn to stand at €204bn.



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Chart 6: Net Lending/Borrowing


Net Lending/Borrowing

The domestic economy was a net borrower in Q4 2019, with net borrowing totalling €16.6bn, a fall of €0.6bn compared to the previous quarter (Chart 6). This fall in borrowing was driven primarily by NFCs, as they decreased their net borrowing position from €34.4bn last quarter to €30.4bn in Q4 2019. The net lending position of financial corporates decreased by €2.3bn, falling to €12.5bn. The government sector became a net borrower this quarter, with government borrowing of €927m, compared to government lending of €100m in the previous quarter. Households’ net lending position remained unchanged at €2.2bn.

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Quarterly Financial Accounts for Ireland Q4 2019 | pdf 668 KB Chart Pack | xls 306 KB Financial Accounts for Ireland Q1 2002 to Present - ESA 2010 | xls 2423 KB Whom-to-whom Tables Q1 2012 to present - ESA 2010 | xls 1230 KB